Abdominal Arteries and Pelvic Arteries

by Shannon Peron, RDCS, RVT
Abdominal Arteries and Pelvic Arteries

Abdominal and Pelvic Arteries

Abdominal Aorta

The largest artery in the abdominal cavity is the continuation of the thoracic aorta.

Phrenic Arteries

Supplies the diaphragm

Celiac Trunk

The first major branch of the abdominal aorta arising. It arises from the anterior aspect.

Superior Mesenteric Artery

Branches from the anterior aspect of the aorta just inferior to the celiac trunk.

Suprarenal Arteries

Branches from either side of the aorta, opposite the superior mesenteric artery.

Renal Arteries

Branches off either side of the aorta immediately below the superior mesenteric artery.

Gonadal Arteries

Branches off the abdominal aorta to supply the reproductive organs. Testicular arteries in males. Ovarian arteries in females.

Inferior Mesenteric Artery

Branches off the anterior surface of the abdominal aorta below the renal artery.

Common Iliac Arteries

Originate at the bifurcation of the abdominal aorta.

Internal and External Iliac Arteries

Originate at the bifurcation of the common iliac artery.