The largest artery in the abdominal cavity is the continuation of the thoracic aorta.
Supplies the diaphragm
The first major branch of the abdominal aorta arising. It arises from the anterior aspect.
Superior Mesenteric Artery
Branches from the anterior aspect of the aorta just inferior to the celiac trunk.
Branches from either side of the aorta, opposite the superior mesenteric artery.
Branches off either side of the aorta immediately below the superior mesenteric artery.
Branches off the abdominal aorta to supply the reproductive organs. Testicular arteries in males. Ovarian arteries in females.
Inferior Mesenteric Artery
Branches off the anterior surface of the abdominal aorta below the renal artery.
Common Iliac Arteries
Originate at the bifurcation of the abdominal aorta.
Internal and External Iliac Arteries
Originate at the bifurcation of the common iliac artery.