External Iliac Artery
Arises from the bifurcation of the common iliac artery and continues into the leg.
Common Femoral Artery
Once the external iliac artery passes the inguinal ligament it becomes the common femoral artery. It is approximately 4cm long and bifurcates into the superficial femoral artery and the deep femoral artery.
Deep Femoral Artery (Profunda Femoris Artery)
Arises from the lateral side of the common femoral artery and courses down the thigh in closer proximity to the femur than the superficial femoral artery.
Superficial Femoral Artery
Arises from the common femoral artery and courses down the thigh. Above the knee it will pass through the adductor magnus and enter the popliteal space where it becomes the popliteal artery.
A continuation of the superficial femoral artery. It branches into the anterior tibial artery and the tibioperoneal trunk.
Anterior Tibial Artery
Arises from the popliteal artery and enters the anterior compartment of the leg. It continues downward and along the dorsum of the foot as the dorsalis pedis artery.
Bifurcates into the Peroneal Artery and Posterior Tibial Artery.
Posterior Tibial Artery
Courses through the posterior compartment of the leg. It passes behind the medial malleolous and enters the foot.
Courses deep in the posterior compartment of the leg.
Last Modified: 10/15/2010